To gain your instrument rating you need to hold at least a private pilot licence, study the aeronautical knowledge syllabus and pass the instrument rating examination. You also need to complete flight training at a Part 141 flight training operator for:
- an aircraft instrument endorsement (the category must be the same as the aircraft used in the flight test) and
- at least a 2D instrument endorsement (you can include the 3D endorsement as well).
In addition, you need to have the following aeronautical experience in aircraft of the same category that the flight test is to be conducted in:
- 50 hours cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command
- 40 hours of instrument time, including at least 10 hours of dual instrument time, plus 20 hours of instrument flight time or 10 hours of instrument flight time if the training is done in a flight simulator.
There are experience standards for each aircraft endorsement (the experience can be in aircraft or a flight simulation training device that is approved for the purpose). The hours can be counted in the requirements specified above.
The experience standards for each endorsement are detailed below.
- Single-engine aeroplane endorsement – at least 10 hours of dual instrument time in an aeroplane, and at least five hours experience at night as the pilot of an aeroplane (including at least one hour of dual flight and one hour of solo night circuits).
- Multi-engine aeroplane endorsement – at least 10 hours of dual instrument time in a multi-engine aeroplane and at least five hours experience at night as pilot of an aeroplane (including at least one hour of dual flight and one hour of solo night circuits).
- Single-engine helicopter endorsement – at least 10 hours of dual instrument time in a helicopter and at least five hours experience at night as the pilot of a helicopter (including at least three hours of dual flight and one hour of solo night circuits).
- Multi-engine helicopter endorsement – at least 10 hours of dual instrument time in a multi-engine helicopter and at least five hours experience at night as the pilot of a helicopter (including at least three hours of dual flight and one hour of solo night circuits).
You will also need to pass the instrument rating flight test.
The Private IFR Rating (PIFR) Authorises the holder to act as pilot in command of flights under the IFR by day in single-pilot aircraft having an MTOW not greater than 5700kg. There are four grades of PIFR, Single-engine aeroplane, Multi-engine aeroplane, Single engine Helicopter and Multi-engine helicopter.
A multi-engine rating authorises IFR flight in a single-engine aircraft of the same category.
The rating allows for the whole of a flight to be
conducted under the IFR but differs from the traditional instrument rating in that it limits the holder to flight in visual conditions, that is with a flight visibility of at least 5000 metres and clear of cloud when operating below LSALT. This means that climb and descent below LSALT, even though flown under
the IFR, must be by visual reference
The rating allows for the holder to extend this capability by the addition of flight procedure authorisations (FPAs) which will allow for the use of additional types of navigation aids as well as night flying, instrument approaches and instrument
To qualify for the Private Instrument rating you must;
· Hold a PPL, CPL, ATPL, Special licence or Certificate of
· The minimum aeronautical experience for the issue of a PIFR rating is 20 hours instrument time, of which 10 hours must be dual instrument flight time in the
category of aircraft for which the rating is sought.
This 20 hours may include all instrument time accumulated in the course of training for a pilot licence, a NVFR rating or other type of instrument rating. Up to 10 hours may be accumulated in an approved synthetic flight trainer under instruction from an authorised flight instructor.
· Pass a written examination based on the aeronautical
knowledge syllabus at Appendix 1 or pass the CASA
A flight instructor rating issued under Part 61 permits the holder to conduct flight training in either an aircraft or a flight simulation training device (FSTD). A simulator instructor rating only authorises training in FSTDs.
To conduct flight training, an instructor must hold a flight instructor rating with at least one training endorsement.
Provided they hold the appropriate training endorsement, a flight instructor can conduct flight training for pilot licences, ratings (except for flight examiner ratings) and endorsements (except for flight examiner endorsements).
Flight instructors can also:
- grant design feature and flight activity endorsements to pilot licence holders
- conduct multi-crew cooperation training
- conduct differences training for variants of types of aircraft
- conduct training for general pilot competency
- conduct flight reviews
- approve someone to fly solo
- approve someone to fly an aircraft while receiving flight training for a pilot licence, rating or endorsement.
To get a flight instructor rating you must hold a private pilot licence (PPL), commercial pilot licence (CPL) or air transport pilot licence (ATPL). You also need to:
- meet the educational requirements (that means you must either hold a tertiary qualification in teaching or a certificate IV in training and assessment, or complete an approved course of training in principles and methods of instruction)
- meet specified aeronautical experience requirements
- pass the instructor rating aeronautical knowledge examination
- complete a course of training for the rating and at least one training endorsement
- pass a flight test for the rating and at least one training endorsement.
All applicants for a flight instructor rating need to undertake the Pilot Instructor Rating Exam – Common. This examination assesses your knowledge of the legislation relating to a flight instructor rating and the principles and methods of instruction, with a focus on flight training.
The aeronautical knowledge standard for the flight instructor rating examination can be found in Schedule 3 of the Part 61 Manual of Standards (MOS).
The aeronautical experience requirements must be met in the same aircraft category that will be used in the flight test for the rating. There are different aeronautical experience requirements for helicopters and aeroplanes.
For helicopters you must have at least 250 hours flight time as pilot and 100 hours flight time as pilot in command.
For aeroplanes you must have at least 200 hours flight time as pilot and 100 hours flight time as pilot in command.
These aeronautical experience requirements must be met before you start your flight training for a flight instructor rating. However, you do not have to meet these requirements if you can satisfy the following criteria.
For helicopters, that means you must:
- hold a CPL with a helicopter rating completed through an integrated training course
- hold a low-level rating and a helicopter low-level endorsement
- hold one of these combinations:
- a night visual flight rules (NVFR) rating and a helicopter NVFR endorsement
- an instrument rating and a single-engine helicopter instrument endorsement
- an instrument rating and a multi-engine helicopter instrument endorsement.
For aeroplanes, you can commence the instructor rating course before being issued with your licence if you have:
- completed your CPL with an aeroplane category rating in an integrated training course
- passed the flight test for the grant of the licence with an aeroplane category rating.
If you already hold an instructor rating and want to expand your privileges to instruct in an aircraft of another category, you need to have the aeronautical experience above and pass the instructor rating flight test in an aircraft of the second category.